Everything you need to know about Diabetes Ayurvedic management

By Dr Sharda Ayurveda In Endocrine

In the contemporary sedentary way of life, it is very easy to adopt bad lifestyle habits such as emotional binge eating, intake of alcohol, long hours of sitting, etc. This can become an alarming call to numerous diseases such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and other heart diseases. However, if the person flips their choices, it can save them from the early onset of this debilitating disease.

What really happens in Diabetes?

Glucose is an essential source of energy that our body requires to function properly for ongoing daily tasks and insulin is a body hormone, produced by the pancreas to keep the blood glucose levels within the normal range. In diabetes, the body’s ability to process blood glucose is compromised as insulin is not produced in an appropriate amount, thus leading to higher glucose levels. Diabetes, in Ayurvedic literature, is also commonly called as ‘Madumeh’ and its known primary cause is increased Kapha Dosha. The main reason for diabetes, found in Ayurvedic theories is an individual’s sedentary lifestyle, wrong nutritional intake, and stress. So to overcome this complicated illness, one needs to make serious adjustments in their lifestyle and diet. 
The Ayurvedic treatment for diabetes also suggests a few changes in lifestyle and dietary habits, more involvement in physical activities, in addition with herbal supplements that helps boost the immune system and healthier well-being. Herbal remedies are a part of our ancient tradition that provides the body with the best results without leaving an impactful side effect.

A person may experience these symptoms in diabetes:

  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Hunger pangs
  • Increased thirst
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Skin infections
  • Slow healing of wound
  • Blurry vision

Type of Diabetes

  • Type1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, where the immune system mistakenly targets and attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. As a result the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient amounts of insulin in the body and needs to rely on external sources, i.e. insulin pump, to fulfil its requirement. That is why it is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. This type of diabetes is commonly diagnosed in childhood or adolescence.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes generally develops when the body’s cells are unable to respond to the production of insulin correctly. To overcome it, the pancreas tries to adjust by secreting more insulin, but it may eventually fail to match the demand. This results in elevated blood glucose levels in the body. 

Type 2 diabetes is more common and often develops in adulthood. The significant contributors that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes are: 

An Individual’s lifestyle, Their genetics, obesity, etc.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes usually develops during pregnancy when hormonal changes and insulin resistance lead to elevated blood sugar levels. This happens when the body is trying to produce a sufficient amount of insulin during pregnancy to meet the increased demands but is unable to cope with it further leading to a rise in blood glucose. It typically develops in the second or third trimester of the pregnancy period and increases the risk of complications for both the mother and the baby. While gestational diabetes usually resolves after the child is born, the mothers might be at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.

 

Diabetes and Ayurvedic Doshas

As per Ayurveda basics, every person is a unique combination of  Doshas which are Vata Dosha, Pitta Dosha, and Kapha Dosha. Any imbalance which exists in three of them results in a disease.

In Ayurvedic terminology, diabetes is referred to as Madhumeha which means sweet urine. The level of sugar in blood increases which causes excess sugar in urine as well. Even though diabetes is an inherited condition, due to modern life and stress it has become one of the most common diseases existing in the world.

The imbalance of Kapha Dosha is primarily responsible for the manifestation of Diabetes. The poor pancreatic function increases the Kapha Dosha which results in frequent urination and turbidity in urine.

Contrary to this, in Diabetes Mellitus there is an imbalance in Vata Dosha, here the accumulation of Vata in the large intestine travels to the pancreas severely obstructing the respective functions.

In a few cases, it is the Pitta Dosha which before moving into the liver gets aggravated in the small intestine bringing damage to the pancreas.

Ayurvedic Herbs for the management of Diabetes

These natural spices and herbs aid in the treatment of diabetes. Some of the Ayurvedic herbs which help in alleviating the symptoms of diabetes and maintaining blood sugar levels are:

Ayurvedic herbs for diabetes

Turmeric

It has anti-allergic, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is one of the strongest natural anti-diabetic agents which acts as a channel opener and purifies the blood. By aiding in the reduction of insulin resistance, it facilitates glucose entry into the cells.

Ginger

It exhibits the properties which benefit the person in controlling the symptoms of diabetes and also controls the blood sugar levels by stabilizing it.

Indian gooseberry (Amla)

It is rich in Vitamin-C and antioxidants with great potency in keeping diabetes under control. On top of it, it also has chromium mineral which enables the proper carbohydrate metabolism and allows the body to respond to insulin which keeps the blood sugar level under control. Other minerals like calcium, iron, and phosphorous also aid in regulating blood sugar levels.

Triphala

The mixture of Haritaki, Amla, and Bibhitaki is an immunity booster and the trio of ingredients prevents the early onset of disease. Further, it improves digestion and metabolism in the body.

Tulsi

This plant has extraordinary medicinal properties and its regular use successfully regulates blood sugar levels.

Neem

Since ancient times neem has been used to purify the blood and sustain blood sugar levels.

Cinnamon

It is an effective stomach cleaner, which reduces the blood sugar spike after meals and increases insulin sensitivity as well.

Saptrangi

The bark of this tree has been shown to have anti-diabetic effects and its efficacy can be seen in the regulation of blood sugar levels.

Vijaysar

The anti-diabetic properties are exhibited by the bark of the tree which is used to make the wooden glass. The water is poured into the glass overnight which changes its color to brown in the morning, it is drunk and has proven to be a miracle in the Ayurvedic treatment of diabetes.

Gurmar

As the name translates ‘the sugar destroyer’ it is twine that combines with sugar molecules present in the intestines to form the complexes and thus prevent them to enter the bloodstream resulting in regulating the blood sugar levels.

Bitter gourd

The bitter gourd juice first thing in the morning empty stomach works wonders in reducing the symptoms of diabetes.

Fenugreek

This pungent and spicy herb controls the blood sugar level in the desired range.

Guggulu

It detoxifies the body and nourishes the body which enhances metabolism of the body. Additionally, it also aids in the removal of excess sugar and fat from the body.

Healthy Diet for controlling the Diabetes

A healthy diet will nourish the body with the desired nutrients and vitamins keeping the body fit. Following things must be kept in mind to ensure the body is filled with the required food to manage the existing disease.

  • Include green leafy vegetables, sweet potato, and broccoli in your diet.
  • Fresh fruits such as Jamun, guava, and citrus fruits must be included in the diet which will enhance living and regulate insulin.
  • Add organic fruits and vegetables to your diet.
  • Barley and Bengal gram shows great results in glucose intolerance as they reduce the risk of diabetes.
  • Limit the carbohydrate intake as they are broken down to form glucose, thereby flaring up the sugar levels.
  • Processed foods, canned foods, saturated foods, carbonated drinks, excessive use of dairy products, and sugary products should be avoided.
  • The leaves of mango, bay, and curry are rich in nutrients that manage the fluctuations in sugar levels.

Lifestyle Modifications for lowering the levels of increased blood sugar

One should change their preferences and make changes in their daily routine to accordingly manage the disorder. Certain practices which the person can adopt are:

  • Drink water from the copper vessel: Consuming water from the copper vessel will benefit you in improving digestion.
  • Maintain a meal schedule: Make sure to eat the biggest meal during the mid-day and have a light dinner to ensure optimal digestion.
  • Keep yourself Hydrated: As diabetes send the kidneys to an overdrive, expelling more fluid than necessary. It is advised to drink plenty of water to prevent a dehydrated body.
  • Proper sleeping schedule: Improper sleeping habits negatively reflects on the blood sugar level, trigger the symptoms, and contribute to weight gain, so fix your sleeping schedule.
  • Alcohol and tobacco: The consumption of alcohol and tobacco should not be practiced as it worsens the situation.

Perform Yoga and Meditation for Diabetes

Yoga is much more than stretches and controlled breathing exercises. Here are some poses recommended by experts for diabetics that can improve overall health by improving the blood circulation and proper metabolism of the body

Yoga and meditation for Diabetes patient

Pranayama

The Sanskrit translation of Pranayama is the dissolution of breath into the body. This breathing practice aims to provide optimum oxygen to the various organs and promote health.

Surya namaskar

Since it is a complete body exercise, it has shown effective results in managing diabetes. Just spending 10- 15 minutes on this will make a huge difference in increasing the metabolism rate of the body.

Balasana

This asana is a promising pose for people suffering from diabetes as it provides proper blood circulation in the body.

Sarvangasana

This pose aims to reduce stress which is a major cause of diabetes. It works by calming the mind and body and is effective for oxygen circulation and the thyroid gland.  

Halasana

Stimulation of the pancreas and spleen is seen by performing this pose which activates the immune system. Also, the functioning of the kidneys and liver is improved.

Dhanurasana

This pose is helpful for fatigue. This asana is highly recommended to balance the blood sugar level as it strengthens the abdominal muscles. 

Paschimottanasana

It controls diabetes, reduces blood pressure, and balances insulin. Besides, it is also able to relieve stress, fatigue, headache, and anxiety.

Regular meditation reduces oxidative stress and blood pressure. Additionally, the combination of breathing exercises along with yoga and meditation helps relax the muscles and negative thoughts. Since the blood flow is increased, constant oxygen supply rejuvenates the pancreatic cells and improves their ability to produce insulin.

Stress is one of the factors that can make the situation go from bad to worse, and if you already have diabetes it can negatively impact the body by fluctuating blood sugar levels.

Exercises for controlling Diabetes

Since in today’s time, we are ruled by sedentary lifestyle habits, we hardly get time to move. But in order to beat diabetes, an adequate amount of physical activity is necessary everyday. Starting with a 30-minute brisk walk in the park may prove beneficial as it acts as a great stress reliever. Also, low impact workout is essential for good health as it increases the heart rate and better circulation of blood.
Regularly working out works wonders to the body as it improves insulin sensitivity and boosts up the overall health. The best type of workout that one can effortlessly include in their lifestyle could be Aerobics such as walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming. If one chooses to strength train their body, they can go for weightlifting as it enhances the muscle mass, also by contributing to better glucose metabolism. 
With being consistent in correctly moving our body can also result in weight management, which is a key factor in controlling diabetes. But one needs to understand that engaging in such activities that bring joy and satisfaction is crucial as it will sustain for a long period of time.

Panchakarma Therapy for Diabetes patients

This holistic treatment focuses on the overall health and involves naturally aided therapies that help in minimizing the pain and managing the symptoms of the disorder. This therapy involves balancing Doshas. The detoxifying procedures help in the management of the disorder.

Panchkarma Treatments for diabetes patients

Udvartana (Herbal Powder Kneading Therapy)

A person’s scalp is enriched with Ayurvedic medicinal paste having healing properties that help in relieving mental tension, and relaxes the body along with the nervous system. The paste is made up of gooseberry, asparagus, sandalwood, henna, mooring, etc.

Snehapana (Oleation Therapy)

In this procedure, an oil massage with herbal oils is performed. Either the oils or medicine-rich buttermilk is poured on the forehead of a person relaxes the mind and helps in controlling diabetes.

Pada Abhyanga (Foot Massage Therapy)

This therapy has a direct effect on endocrine and metabolic systems regulating the hormones. By, releasing the serotonin it helps the body relax.

Virechana (Purgation Therapy)

This method involves forced vomiting which in turn eliminates the accumulated toxins present in the body. It is very effective in the treatment of diabetes and managing its symptoms.

Basti (Medicated Enema Therapy)

In this therapy, through the anal route, the decoctions are used to remove the toxicity present in the body. The toxins present in the body can hinder digestion and increase the induced imbalances which cause diabetes. So, detoxifying benefits the body.

Even though these remedies are going to work wonderfully, you still need to consult an Ayurvedic doctor near you who will personalize your treatment according to your body requirements.

Article By:

Dr Sharda Ayurveda

At Dr. Sharda Ayurveda emphasis is made on treating the patients with the power of Ayurveda and traveling along with them in the path of natural and safe healing. The satisfaction and recovery of our patients is our utmost priority.

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